Gobelet (short) or fan pruning (long). Two vines cultivated together on poles called "échalas".
The grapes were picked by hand at the end of September.
A long and traditional maceration of 3 weeks. A lot of "délestage" at the beginning of fermentation. Fermentation with Indigenous yeast. Controlled temperature of maceration at 30°C (86°F). 100% malolactic fermentation.
Aged on lees: 3 months in tanks, then at least 12 months in "foudres" (large barrels).
Natural clarification and stabilization by settling and one filtration (Cross Flow). Unfined.
The vineyard was initially planted by the Templiers, a religious order, in the 12th century. It expanded in the 14th century under the protection of the popes during their stay in Avignon. The strict rules and laws governing this appellation have become the base for the French laws concerning the "appellation contrôlée" wines.
Founded in 1781, Vidal-Fleury gained an international reputation very quickly. Thomas Jefferson's visit in 1787 was its first contact with the United States.
During the 1890s, Gustave Vidal married a daughter of the Fleury family. Thanks to her dowry, they replanted the vineyard following the phylloxera outbreak. As of the 1920s, the House took an interest in other wine-growing regions in the Rhone Valley. The Appellation was created in 1936.
Serve at a temperature of 18°C, 64°F. Decant 2 hours before tasting. Can be aged up to 10 years.